Confidence Intervals for the Relative Risk Ratio Parameter from Survival Data Under a Random Censorship Model in Biomedical and Epidemiologic Studies (By Simulation)
The present paper reports the results of a Monte Carlo simulation study to examine the performance of several approximate confidence intervals for the Relative Risk Ratio (RRR) parameter in an epidemiologic study, involving two groups of individuals. The first group consists of n1 individuals, called the experimental group, who are exposed to some carcinogen, say radiation, whose effect on the incidence of some form of cancer, say skin cancer, is being investigated. The second group consists of n2 individuals (called the control group) who are not exposed to the carcinogen. Two cases are considered in which the life times (or time to cancer) in the two groups follow (i) the exponential and (ii) the Weibull distributions. The case when the life times follow a Rayleigh distribution follows as a particular case. A general random censorship model is considered in which the life times of the individuals are censored on the right by random censoring times following (i) the exponential and (ii) the Weibull distributions. The Relative Risk Ratio parameter in the study is defined as the ratio of the hazard rates in the two distributions of the times to cancer. Approximate confidence intervals are constructed for the RRR parameter using its maximum likelihood estimator (m.l.e) and several other methods, including a method due to FIELLER. SPROTT'S (1973) and Cox's (1953) suggestions, as well as the Box‐Cox (1964) transformation, are also utilized to construct approximate confidence intervals. The performance of these confidence intervals in small samples is investigated by means of some Monte Carlo simulations based on 500 random samples. Our simulation study indicates that many of these confidence intervals perform quite well in samples of size 10 and 15, in terms of the coverage probability and expected length of the interval.
Exponential, Weibull and Rayleigh distributions, Hazard rates, Experimental and control groups, Incidence of cancer, Maximum likelihood estimator, Random censorship model
Rao, B. Raja, Sheela Talwalker, and Debasis Kundu. "Confidence intervals for the relative risk ratio parameter from survival data under a random censorship model in biomedical and epidemiologic studies (by simulation)." Biometrical Journal 33, no. 8 (1991): 959-984.