X-ray absorption spectroscopy studies in supercritical aqueous solutions
The past two decades have witnessed significant advances in the application of X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) to the study of supercritical aqueous fluids. The data obtained using in situ XAS have provided insights into the stability and the structure of metal complexes that are fundamental to understanding natural and industrial hydrothermal processes. Important recent advances using XAS can be attributed to the use of new high temperature and pressure autoclaves designed specifically for the analysis of fluids at extreme temperatures and pressures, improved techniques for the acquisition of X-ray absorption spectra and molecular-level computational modelling used in association with XAS analysis. High-brilliance light sources have not only provided new opportunities for XAS investigations of supercritical fluids, but have also revealed the effects of beam-induced radiolysis of the same fluids. The advent of energy-dispersive and rapid-acquisition XAS holds promise for future studies of beam-induced radiolysis and of the kinetics associated with the formation of metal complexes in high-temperature fluids.
Physics, Astronomy, and Materials Science
X-ray absorption spectroscopy, supercritical, aqueous fluid
Anderson, Alan J., and Robert A. Mayanovic. "X-ray absorption spectroscopy studies in supercritical aqueous solutions." High Pressure Research 36, no. 3 (2016): 458-470.
High Pressure Research