Title

Synthesis and Crystal Structure of the Layered Lanthanide Oxychlorides Ba3Ln2O5Cl2

Abstract

Single crystals of a new family of layered lanthanide oxychlorides, Ba3Ln2O5Cl2 (Ln = Gd-Lu), have been synthesized from a molten barium flux. This family crystallizes in the space group I4/mmm (No. 139; Z = 2) with lattice parameters a = 4.3384(1)-4.4541(1) Å and c = 24.5108(7)-24.8448(9) Å. Ba3Ln2O5Cl2 phases are built up of two different blocks: a perovskite double layer of stoichiometry Ba2Ln2O5 formed by corner-connected LnO5 tetragonal bipyramids and a puckered rock-salt-like interlayer of composition BaCl2. A complete structural study along with bond-valence-sum calculations shows that, for lanthanides larger than gadolinium, the structure becomes unstable. Density functional theory calculations show that the valence-band edge is dominated by oxygen orbitals, whereas the conduction band forms from Ba 5d orbitals. The synthesis of this family suggests a route to other potential multianion phases.

Document Type

Article

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.7b02265

Keywords

layers, magnetic properties, oxygen, lanthanides, perovskites

Publication Date

2018

Journal Title

Inorganic chemistry

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