Quadruplex Formation by a Guanine-Rich PNA Oligomer


A guanine-rich PNA dodecamer having the sequence H-G4T4G4-Lys-NH2 (G4-PNA) hybridizes with a DNA dodecamer of homologous sequence to form a four-stranded quadruplex (Datta, B.; Schmitt, C.; Armitage, B. A. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 4111−4118). This report describes quadruplex formation by the PNA alone. UV melting curves and fluorescence resonance energy transfer experiments reveal formation of a multistranded structure stabilized by guanine tetrads. The ion dependency of these structures is analogous to that reported for DNA quadruplexes. Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry indicates that both dimeric and tetrameric quadruplexes are formed by G4-PNA, with the dimeric form being preferred. These results have implications for the use of G-rich PNA for homologous hybridization to G-rich targets in chromosomal DNA and suggest additional applications in assembling quadruplex structures within lipid bilayer environments.

Document Type





potassium, melting, genetics, ions, chemical structure

Publication Date


Recommended Citation

Datta, Bhaskar, Mark E. Bier, Subhadeep Roy, and Bruce A. Armitage. "Quadruplex formation by a guanine-rich PNA oligomer." Journal of the American Chemical Society 127, no. 12 (2005): 4199-4207.

Journal Title

Journal of the American Chemical Society