Dynamic Impact of Methylation at the M. HhaI Target Site: A Solid-State Deuterium NMR Study
Base methylation plays an important role in numerous biological functions of DNA, from inhibition of cleavage by endonucleases to inhibition of transcription factor binding. Studies of nucleic acid structure have shown little differences in unmethylated DNAs and the identical sequence containing methylated analogues. We have investigated changes in the local dynamics of DNA upon substitution of a methylated cytosine analogue for cytosine using solid-state deuterium NMR. In particular, we have observed changes in the local dynamics at the target site of the M. HhaI restriction system. These studies observe changes in the amplitudes of the local backbone dynamics at the actual target site of the HhaI methyltransferase. This conclusion is another indication that the significant result of base methylation is to perturb the local dynamics, and therefore the local conformational flexibility, of the DNA helix, inhibiting or restricting the protein's ability to manipulate the DNA helix in order to perform its chemical alterations.
Chemistry and Biochemistry
hydrogen isotopes, cytosine, genetics, organic reactions, hydration
Meints, Gary A., and Gary P. Drobny. "Dynamic Impact of Methylation at the M. Hha I Target Site: A Solid-State Deuterium NMR Study." Biochemistry 40, no. 41 (2001): 12436-12443.