Monitoring synchrotron X-ray-induced radiolysis effects on metal (Fe, W) ions in high-temperature aqueous fluids


Radiolysis-induced effects on aqueous tungsten ions are observed to form a precipitate within seconds upon exposure to a synchrotron X-ray micro-beam in a WO3 + H2O system at 873 K and 200 MPa. In situ Fe K-edge energy-dispersive X-ray absorption spectroscopy (ED-XAS) measurements were made on Fe(II)Cl2 aqueous solutions to 773 K in order to study the kinetics of high-temperature reactions of Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions with transient radiolysis species. The radiolytic reactions in a fluid sample within a hydrothermal diamond anvil cell result in oxidation of the Fe2+ ion at 573 K and reduction of Fe3+ at temperatures between 673 and 773 K and of the Fe2+ ion at 773 K. The edge-energy drift evident in the ED-XAS data directly reflects the kinetics of reactions resulting in oxidation and/or reduction of the Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions in the aqueous solutions at high temperatures. The oxidation and reduction trends are found to be highly consistent, making reliable determinations of reaction kinetics possible.


Physics, Astronomy, and Materials Science

Document Type





energy-dispersive XAS, radiolysis, oxidation reduction, hydrothermal fluid

Publication Date


Journal Title

Journal of synchrotron radiation