Title

Hydrothermal diamond anvil cell for XAFS studies of first-row transition elements in aqueous solution up to supercritical conditions

Abstract

A hydrothermal diamond anvil cell (HDAC) has been modified by drilling holes with a laser to within 150 μm of the anvil face to minimize the loss of X-rays due to absorption and scatter by diamond. This modification enables acquisition of K-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectra from first-row transition metal ions in aqueous solutions at temperatures ranging from 25°C to 660°C and pressures up to 800 MPa. These pressure-temperature (P-T) conditions are more than sufficient for carrying out experimental measurements that can provide data valuable in the interpretation of fluid inclusions in minerals found in ore-forming hydrothermal systems as well as other important lithospheric processes involving water.

Department(s)

Physics, Astronomy, and Materials Science

Document Type

Article

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1016/s0009-2541(99)00196-5

Keywords

X-ray absorption, high pressure, zinc chloride, diamond anvil cell, structure of solutions, metal–chloride complexes, supercritical aqueous solutions

Publication Date

2000

Recommended Citation

Bassett, William A., Alan J. Anderson, Robert A. Mayanovic, and I-Ming Chou. "Hydrothermal diamond anvil cell for XAFS studies of first-row transition elements in aqueous solution up to supercritical conditions." Chemical Geology 167, no. 1-2 (2000): 3-10.

Journal Title

Chemical Geology

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