Pharmacological analysis of ovarial patency in Heliothis virescens
The insect oocyte sequesters nutritive proteins during patency, which is facilitated as a result of intercellular spaces occurring between follicular epithelial cells under the influence of juvenile hormone (JH). Patency was analyzed in the moth, Heliothis virescens, using a pharmacological approach, in which we used different JH homologues and chemicals that specifically target elements of two second-messenger pathways in vertebrates, the cAMP-dependent and inositol triphosphate/diacylglycerol signaling pathways. JH I and JH III evoked dose-dependent patency in H. virescens oocyte follicles, which was suppressed by the Na/K-ATPase inhibitor, ouabain. Patency was observed in follicular epithelial cells treated with either protein kinase C activator, PDBu, or protein kinase A activator, 8-Br-cAMP, by itself. The protein kinase C inhibitor, H-7, preferentially suppressed patency evoked by JH III, whereas the protein kinase A inhibitor, H89, preferentially suppressed that evoked by JH I. Additionally, patency was triggered by the adenylate cyclase activator, NKH 477, or peptide Gs-protein activator, cholera toxin, alone. Patency evoked by JH I was suppressed by the adenylate cyclase inhibitor, SQ 22,536, and GPAnt-2, a peptide antagonistic to Gs proteins that stimulates adenylate cyclase. Neither of these latter inhibitors, however, affected JH III-evoked patency. These results suggest that, in the process of patency in H. virescens ovarial follicles, JH I predominantly signals via the cAMP-dependent second messenger system, whereas JH III acts via the inositol triphosphate/diacylglycerol signaling pathway. Moreover, stimulation of patency by cholera toxin alone and inhibition of JH I-evoked patency by GPAnt-2, strongly suggest that JH I acts on the follicular epithelial cells via activation of G-protein, and - possibly - via G -protein coupled receptor. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. s
Follicular epithelium, G-protein, Juvenile hormone receptor, Oocyte maturation, Second messenger, Tobacco budworm
Pszczolkowski, Maciej A., Ashley Peterson, Asoka Srinivasan, and Sonny B. Ramaswamy. "Pharmacological analysis of ovarial patency in Heliothis virescens." Journal of insect physiology 51, no. 4 (2005): 445-453.
Journal of Insect Physiology