Effects of calcium and glutamate receptor agonists on leaf consumption by lepidopteran neonates
Calcium and glutamate receptor (GluR) agonists affect apple leaf consumption by neonates of the apple pest, the codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.) Initial apple leaf consumption was advanced by the presence of trans-1-amino-(1S,3R)-cyclopentanedicarboxylic acid (trans-ACPD), but not by calcium chloride or N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA). However, during the 3 h following hatch, CaCl2 and NMDA increased the quantity of apple leaf tissue consumed, but trans-ACPD had no such effects. Stimulatory effects of CaCl2 and NMDA on leaf consumption were abolished if codling moth larvae were concurrently exposed to calcium chelator EDTA. (RS)-α-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropanoic acid (AMPA) and kainic acid had no effects either on commencement or intensity of leaf consumption. We hypothesize that in codling moth larvae, apple leaf consumption is induced via metabotropic GluR, and sustained feeding is regulated via NMDA GluRs. Practical aspects of this finding are discussed.
Environmental Plant Science and Natural Resource
calcium, codling moth, cydia pomonella, insects, feeding, glutamate receptor, NMDA, AMPA, kainate
Pszczolkowski, Maciej A., Adam Zahand, Sandye M. Bushman, and John J. Brown. "Effects of calcium and glutamate receptor agonists on leaf consumption by lepidopteran neonates." Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 74, no. 2 (2003): 389-394.