English in the United Arab Emirates
This paper provides a sociolinguistic profile of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) with a focus on the status and functions of English in contemporary UAE society. With less than a 12 per cent local population, the UAE presents a unique linguistic laboratory for the spread of English among an expanding foreign and a shrinking local demographic. Contributing to the current literature on English in Expanding Circle countries, I first present a sociohistorical review of foreign and English language presence in the UAE from the ninth century to the present day. By employing archival research, governmental artifacts, and first-hand observations, I follow this with a description of contemporary users and the four functions of English in the UAE context. The paper then provides a summary of users’ attitudes towards English and Arabic and concludes with an evaluation of key findings and avenues for future research.
Thomas, Suneeta. "English in the United Arab Emirates." World Englishes (2021).