An Empirical Study of Patent Grant Rates as a Function of Race and Gender
In this article we examine the rate at which patent applications are granted as a function of the inventor's race and gender. Empirical analysis of more than 3.9 million U.S. applications finds minority and women applicants are significantly less likely to secure a patent relative to the balance of inventors. Further analysis indicates that a portion of this bias is introduced during prosecution at the Patent Office, independent of the quality of the application. Mechanisms underlying these disparities are explored. The article concludes with a discussion of our results and their interaction with patent law, innovation policy, and employment trends.
Schuster, W. Michael; Davis, R. Evan; Schley, Kourtenay; and Ravenscraft, Julie, "An Empirical Study of Patent Grant Rates as a Function of Race and Gender" (2020). Articles by College of Business Faculty. 565.
American Business Law Journal