Genderbased income disparity among selfemployed professionals
Purpose The purpose of this study is to test two possible explanations for persistent income disparity between male and female selfemployed professionals. First, men are more likely than women to be motivated by the potential for high income to establish a professional practice. Second, men are more likely than women to adopt a thinkingoverfeeling cognitive decisionmaking style. Design/methodology/approach This study uses a gender role/career motivation model to develop a set of hypotheses that explain observed genderbased income disparity among selfemployed professionals. Hypotheses were tested using multivariate regression analysis with data drawn from a largescale national survey of male and female veterinarians in private practice. Findings Male veterinarians showed less empathy toward their clients and were more likely to use a thinkingoverfeeling decisionmaking style than were female veterinarians. Also, practice income was greater for male veterinarians with high client empathy (CE) and feelingoverthinking decisionmaking style than for male veterinarians with low CE and thinkingoverfeeling decisionmaking style. However, there was no significant difference in practice income between female veterinarians with high CE and feelingoverthinking decisionmaking style and female veterinarians with low CE and thinkingoverfeeling decisionmaking style. Research limitations/implications While this study was limited to American veterinarians, future research on income disparity should be expanded to include other selfemployed professionals and/or other national settings. Originality/value This study contributes to research on genderbased income disparity among selfemployed professionals by examining underlying factors that potentially contribute to these differences such as motives for establishing the practice and the practice owner's decisionmaking style. © 2007, Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Mueller, Stephen L. "Gender-based income disparity among self-employed professionals." Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy 1, no. 4 (2007): 293-307.
Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy