Title

Medical Conditions, Level of Care Needs, and Health-Related Outcomes of Persons with Mental Retardation: A Review

Abstract

A literature review was conducted to analyze existing data on health needs of people with mental retardation and possible barriers to integration in the community. Information was obtained on medical conditions, level of care needed, and health-related outcomes. The type and range of medical care, resources, and support services needed to maintain individuals with medical problems were identified, as were barriers to and recommendations for the provision of community-based medical care. Although there are barriers to the provision of services to people with mental retardation and allied medical conditions, there are people who currently live in the community who have the same type of medical conditions and who require the same level of care needed as those who live in institutions. Medical services are typically, but not always, available to persons with mental retardation who reside in the community. Availability and access to services are addressed. Recommendations for future research and policy implications are presented.

Department(s)

Counseling, Leadership, and Special Education

Document Type

Article

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1177/154079699101600402

Keywords

community-based, community integration, community services, developmental disabilities, health care, service delivery

Publication Date

6-13-1905

Journal Title

Journal of the Association for Persons with Severe Handicaps

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