Anger and Depression in Girls and Boys: A Study of Gender Differences


A growing body of literature supports the link between anger suppression and depression and females' greater likelihood than males of demonstrating both. Anger suppression was hypothesized to be involved in the development of gendered identity for girls, specifically by rendering girls more likely to experience depression. Employing an ethnically diverse sample of public school children, differences between fifth through ninth grade girls and boys in anger suppression and depression were investigated using self-report data. Results supported the hypothesis that girls suppress anger at higher rates than boys but not the related hypothesis that this suppression results in higher levels of depression. Age was not related to either anger suppression or depression, and no significant relationship was found between suppressed anger and depression for either sex. The impact of girls' anger suppression on their emotional and gender development is discussed.


Counseling, Leadership and Special Education

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Recommended Citation

Cox, Deborah L., Sally D. Stabb, and Joseph F. Hulgus. "Anger and depression in girls and boys: A study of gender differences." Psychology of Women Quarterly 24, no. 1 (2000): 110-112.

Journal Title

Psychology of Women Quarterly