Beyond the Light Effect: How Hydrologic and Geomorphologic Stream Features Control Microbial Distribution across Pool Sequences in a Temperate Headwater Stream
distribution, flow, microbial communities, sediments, stream pool, water temperature
Microbial community composition varies across stream habitats. However, there is little understanding of how varying hydraulic and geomorphic factors influence microbial distribution along a succession of pools. This study examines how substrate, geomorphological and hydraulic habitat variables may drive bacterial community composition within different stream pool habitats of a temperate headwater stream. Microbial community structures from rock biofilm and sediment samples within each of the 10 selected stream pools of White Clay Creek, PA, were determined by high-throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA genes. The grain size distribution, organic matter content, streamflow velocity, temperature regime and morphology of each pool were quantified to characterize the pool habitats' variability. Multivariate statistical analysis revealed significant differences in the microbial community composition linked to the substrate's stability within the pool units. Indeed, soft and more mobile sediments were dominated by heterotrophic bacteria, while photosynthetic microorganisms (e.g., microalgae and cyanobacteria) were mainly found on rock biofilm. The difference in the distribution of bacterial communities can be explained by variations in the local hydraulic (i.e., depth and velocity) and the thermal conditions (daily fluctuation, min and max). These results highlight the geomorphological and hydrologic drivers for small-scale diversity in bacterial communities and provide a better understanding of how maintaining and promoting variability in streambed physical properties may enhance microbial diversity. Better integration of these drivers into stream restoration practices will allow the inclusion of microorganisms, the trophic levels that are usually overlooked but still play critical roles in stream ecology.
Ouellet, Valerie, Melinda D. Daniels, Marc Peipoch, Laura Zgleszewski, Nathan Watson, Emma Gibson, Stefan Krause, and Jin Jun Kan. "Beyond the light effect: How hydrologic and geomorphologic stream features control microbial distribution across pool sequences in a temperate headwater stream." Ecohydrology: e2380.
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