Thesis Title

The Effect of Music on the Mathematics Achievement of Third-Grade Students


Julia Young

Date of Graduation

Spring 2004


Master of Science in Education in Elementary Education


Childhood Education and Family Studies

Committee Chair

Cynthia Wilson


The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to determine the effect of music on the mathematics achievement of third-grade students. The control group consisted of 14 third-grade students in a rural school district and the experimental group consisted of 13 third-grade students in a second rural school district. The subjects in both groups received 30 minutes of mathematics instruction over the multiplication facts for numbers three and four every day for 10 days, using manipulatives and worksheets. Within the 30 minutes, the experimental group also learned the multiplication facts through Times Tunes (Miller & Lee, 1998), a collection of songs about multiplication facts zero through 12. Data were collected through a pretest and posttest consisting of 20 multiplication facts created by the researcher. The data were analyzed using a Paired Samples and Independent t-Tests at a .05 level of significance. There was no significant difference between the posttest scores of third-grade students who received multiplication instruction with songs and third-grade students who received multiplication instruction without songs; however, there was an actual positive difference with music in the experimental group.


mathematics achievement, multiplication facts, music, posttest, pretest

Subject Categories

Elementary Education and Teaching


© Julia Young