Date of Graduation

Fall 2012


Master of Science in Counseling


Counseling, Leadership, and Special Education

Committee Chair

Angela Anderson


broaching, race, African-American therapists, European-American clients, attitudes, black therapists, white clients

Subject Categories



Broaching attitudes and factors affecting the decision to broach race in African American therapists are examined using a survey and interview design. Broaching involves addressing racial differences in therapy sessions with clients, and is recommended in counseling-training literature for White therapists when working with clients of color. Given the lack of guidelines for therapists of color working with White clients, this study examined the broaching attitudes of African American therapists working with White clients. This study found that the decision to broach race in the Black therapist/White client dyad is complex. Many factors involving the therapists' comfort, therapists' self-awareness, clients' comfort, stage of therapy, and the therapeutic relationship come into play when African American therapists are deciding to broach race with their European-American clients.


© Michelle Gavel

Open Access

Included in

Counseling Commons