Date of Graduation

Spring 2013


Master of Science in Defense and Strategic Studies


Defense and Strategic Studies

Committee Chair

Joseph DeTrani


business, engagement, Kim Dae Jung, Korea, North Korea, Olympics, Park Geun Hye, Ping Pong Diplomacy, South Korea, sports, sunshine policy, tourism, United States

Subject Categories

Defense and Security Studies


South Korean President Kim Dae Jung created the Sunshine Policy to "warm up" North Korea and set the stage for it to choose to make meaningful changes. The goal of the thesis is to re-approach the Sunshine Policy and address the changes needed in order for it to have a different outcome. As relations between the U.S. and North Korea continue to deteriorate, other options must be available to use as tools for engagement with North Korea. In order to ensure that Sunshine Policy 2.0 takes a different path, at least three changes must occur. It must be long-term, divorced from political and security issues, and must be reciprocal. Furthermore, there must be a contingency plan in place that mandates a "pause" in the policy if political and security issues hinder it from moving forward. It must also give the committees an opening to re-convene after an extended period without making concessions or "losing face." In addition to that, the U.S. and South Korea should cooperate together to implement this type of policy, as they were competing against each other during the original Sunshine Policy days. Lastly, the thesis discusses the influence that sports, business, and tourism have on the North Korean government, as well as the Olympic Games' ability to create change within host-countries.


© Karen Tsai Montague

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