Date of Graduation
Master of Science in Psychology
Russell N. Carney
face-name mnemonics, abstract, concrete, keywords, name clues
This experiment calls into question whether concrete keywords (name clues) provide the best memory cues when used in the face-name mnemonic strategy. Sixty-seven students from Missouri State University were given training on how to use the face-name mnemonic strategy via the Qualtric survey system. Later they were asked to study and memorize 30 face-name pairs. These face-name pairs were presented with either a concrete or abstract keyword that was similar to the name to be learned. Participants later took a test on the face-name pairs. It was found that concrete keywords provided significantly better recall on the face-name pairs. In addition, the Qualtric survey system recorded the latency or response time the participant took on each test item. It was found that participant's response time was significantly longer for items paired with abstract keywords. Also, participant spent significantly more time on items they got wrong. Participants were also administered Operational Span Task (OSPAN) a computerized test that measures working memory abilities. It was found that OSPAN had poor predictive validity in determining how many items each participant would get correct.
© Morgan Taylor Maxwell
Maxwell, Morgan Taylor, "Face-Name Mnemonics: the Effects of Abstract and Concrete Keywords on Recall" (2013). MSU Graduate Theses. 2188.