Date of Graduation

Fall 2017


Master of Science in Psychology



Committee Chair

Wayne D. Mitchell


basketball, goal-setting, multiple baseline, coaches, athletes

Subject Categories

Applied Behavior Analysis | Psychology


Goal setting is a process that is used by many people in a variety of settings. For example, goals can be set for weight loss, career milestones, or anything a person would like to increase or decrease. According to Locke and Latham (1984), the best way to set a goal is to make sure the goal is specific. If someone wants to lose weight, the individual should state exactly how much weight they would like to lose and set a specific deadline for achieving the weight loss. A second aspect to goal setting is to make sure the goal is attainable (Locke & Latham, 1984). It is important to make the goal practical and realistic. The primary aim of this study was to assess the magnitude of the effects of goal setting (goals defined by a coach vs goals defined by the athlete) on the shooting and passing accuracy of high school female basketball players. It was found that coach defined goals resulted in overall greater improvement in shooting and passing basketball performance.


© Shelby Diane White

Open Access