Date of Graduation

Fall 2015

Degree

Master of Science in Defense and Strategic Studies

Department

Defense and Strategic Studies

Committee Chair

Ilan Berman

Keywords

Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis, Coptic Christians, Egypt, Islamic State in Iraq and al-Sham, multinational force and observers, Sinai, Wilayat Sinai, ABM, ISIS, MFO

Subject Categories

Defense and Security Studies

Abstract

Using mostly primary source materials this thesis seeks to understand the evolution of and linkages between different terrorist organization that have operated in Egypt and the Sinai, in particular. Of particular interest was the terrorist group Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis (ABM) which later became an Islamic State in Iraq and al-Sham [Syria] (ISIS) affiliate known as Wilayat Sinai. The thesis then documents the group's operations and shows how it has evolved over the past five years into one of ISIS' most lethal affiliates. ISIS' expansion into Egypt by incorporating ABM into its global terrorist network has increased the threat posed by ISIS to Egypt. Finally, the thesis looks at the risks posed to the Multinational Force and Observers (MFO), civilians, and the potential for ISIS to foment sectarian strife in Egypt by targeting Coptic Christians.

Copyright

© Jantzen William Garnett

Open Access

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