Acute inflammatory responses to high-intensity functional training programming: An observational study


Effects of varying types of short duration workouts in high-intensity functional training (HIFT) on inflammatory biomarkers have not been adequately characterized. Objectives: The purpose of this descriptive study was to examine the acute effects of HIFT workouts on biomarkers of inflammation, over time, in two HIFT bouts. Materials and Methods: Ten apparently healthy males (28.1 ± 5 yrs) completed two HIFT sessions ("short bout:" sub-5-minute vs. "long bout:" 15-minute) in a randomized crossover design. Blood was drawn pre and post-exercise, and 1 hour, 3 hours, and 6 hours post-exercise, centrifuged, and plasma frozen for analysis. Inflammation was assessed through plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10), and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). Results: Repeated measures ANOVA revealed a single trial-dependent difference (IL-6, p ≥ 0.05), and while statistically significant, this difference may not be biologically significant. The biomarkers IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-α all follow a similar pattern of peaking post-exercise and returning to baseline within 6 hours in both trials. Conclusions: Both temporal responses and concentrations were similar in the short and long bout. A practical implication is that both bouts of a HIFT elicit certain specific physiologic inflammatory responses.

Document Type





Acute exercise, Acute resistance exercise, Interleukin 10, Interleukin 6, TNF- α

Publication Date


Journal Title

Journal of Human Sport and Exercise