Effectiveness of Physical Therapy Intervention in Decreasing the Risk for Falls in a Community-Dwelling Aging Population
urpose: This clinical investigation examined risk factors for falls and the effectiveness of physical therapy intervention to decrease the risk of falls in a community dwelling aging population.
Sample: A convenience sample of 25 community-dwelling elderly adults ages 65 and older participated.
Methods: All subjects participated in an extensive examination and evaluation to identify risk for falls and performance on selected measures of balance and mobility. Subjects were given the opportunity to participate in an exercise program designed to address impairments or functional disabilities. The control subjects received no intervention; however, they were encouraged to continue with their normal activities, including exercise.
Findings: Significant differences were found between subjects classified as fallers and nonfallers in terms of their performance on selected balance and mobility tests. After physical therapy intervention, subjects classified as fallers made significant improvements in their performance on the Berg Balance Scale.
Conclusion: Appropriately designed physical therapy intervention in the form of an exercise program can decrease the risk for falls among a community-dwelling aging population identified as having an increased risk of falls.
Robinson, Barbara Susan, Joanne M. Gordon, Scott W. Wallentine, and Michelle Visio. "Effectiveness of physical therapy intervention in decreasing the risk for falls in a community-dwelling aging population." Orthopaedic Nursing 21, no. 1 (2002): 55-57.