Disfluencies in cluttered speech
The purpose of this study was to examine the nature and frequency of occurrence of disfluencies, as they occur in singletons and in clusters, in the conversational speech of individuals who clutter compared to typical speakers. Except for two disfluency types (revisions in clusters, and word repetitions in clusters) nearly all disfluency types were virtually indistinguishable in frequency of occurrence between the two groups. These findings shed light on cluttering in several respects, foremost of which is that it provides documentation on the nature of disfluencies in cluttering. Findings also have implications for our understanding of the relationship between cluttering and typical speech, cluttering and stuttering, the Cluttering Spectrum Hypothesis, as well as the Lowest Common Denominator definition of cluttering.
Communication Sciences and Disorders
Myers, Florence L., Klaas Bakker, Kenneth O. St Louis, and Lawrence J. Raphael. Disfluencies in cluttered speech." Journal of fluency disorders 37, no. 1 (2012): 9-19."