Differential agonist-induced desensitization of P2Y2 nucleotide receptors by ATP and UTP
The equal potency and efficacy of the agonists, ATP and UTP, pharmacologically distinguish the P2Y receptor from other nucleotide receptors. Investigation of the desensitization of the P2Y receptors is complicated by the simultaneous expression of different P2 nucleotide receptor subtypes. The co-expression of multiple P2 receptor subtypes in mammalian cells may have led to contradictory reports on the efficacy of the natural agonists of the P2Y receptor to induce desensitization. We decided to investigate the desensitization of human and murine isoforms of the P2Y receptor, and to rigorously examine their signaling and desensitization properties. For these purposes, we used 1321N1 astrocytoma cells stably transfected with the human or murine P2Y receptor cDNA, as well as human A431 cells that endogenously express the receptor. The mobilization of intracellular calcium by extracellular nucleotides was used as a functional assay for the P2Y receptors. While ATP and UTP activated the murine and human P2Y receptors with similar potencies (EC values were 1.5-5.8 μM), ATP was ~ 10-fold less potent (IC = 9.1-21.2 μM) than UTP (IC = 0.7-2.9 μM) inducing homologous receptor desensitization in the cell systems examined. Individual cell analyses of the rate and dose dependency of agonist-induced desensitization demonstrated that the murine receptor was slightly more resistant to desensitization than its human counterpart. To our knowledge, this is the first individual cell study that has compared the cellular heterogeneity of the desensitized states of recombinant and endogenously expressed receptors. This comparison demonstrated that the recombinant system conserved the cellular regulatory elements needed to attenuate receptor signaling by desensitization. 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 50 50 50
Individual cell measurements, Intracellular calcium mobilization, P2 nucleotide receptors, Receptor desensitization
Velázquez, Betty, Richard C. Garrad, Gary A. Weisman, and Fernando A. González. "Differential agonist-induced desensitization of P2Y2 nucleotide receptors by ATP and UTP." Molecular and cellular biochemistry 206, no. 1 (2000): 75-89.
Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry