Cultural and moral boundaries in the United States: Structural position, geographic location, and lifestyle explanations
Using the culture module of the 1993 General Social Survey, this study proposes a multicausal model to assess the determinants of moral and cultural boundaries in the American population. We find that structural position - education, income, class, and gender - affects the likelihood that individuals draw one type of boundary rather than another. Furthermore, geographic location and participation in lifestyle clusters play an important role in supplying cultural repertoires that affect the drawing of boundaries. While both cultural and moral boundaries are predicted by structural position and geographic location, cultural boundaries are predicted by participation in high culture lifestyle clusters and moral boundaries are predicted by participation in religious lifestyle clusters. Geographic location and participation in lifestyle clusters have a stronger effect on the boundaries of non-college graduates than on those of college graduates, suggesting that local cultural repertoires have a less important impact on the boundaries of individuals who share a homogenizing educational experience.
Lamont, Michèle, John Schmalzbauer, Maureen Waller, and Daniel Weber. "Cultural and moral boundaries in the United States: Structural position, geographic location, and lifestyle explanations." Poetics 24, no. 1 (1996): 31-56.