Assessing uncarbonized seeds from open-air sites in mesic environments: An example from Southern Illinois
Research was conducted to assess the significance of uncarbonized seeds in subploughzone archaeological deposits at a prehistoric site in southern Illinois. Discussions include modern vegetation studies, seed anatomical observations, comparisons of uncarbonized and carbonized seeds, seed germination experimentation, and descriptions of deposits, excavation procedures, and flotation methods with respect to the possibility of modern seed contamination. Whereas some uncarbonized seeds may represent ancient deposition, their antiquity is difficult to prove. However, various lines of research imply that many, if not all, uncarbonized seeds from open-air sites in mesic regions represent more recent, nonculturally deposited contaminants.
carrier mills, contamination, crab orchard/middle woodland, dispersal, flotation, germination, late woodland, longevity, palaeoethnobotany, Southern Illinois, spermatic tissue, testae, uncarbonized seeds, viability
Lopinot, Neal H., and David Eric Brussell. "Assessing uncarbonized seeds from open-air sites in mesic environments: an example from southern Illinois." Journal of Archaeological Science 9, no. 1 (1982): 95-108.
Journal of Archaeological Science