High-Performance All-Inorganic CsPbCl3 Perovskite Nanocrystal Photodetectors with Superior Stability
All-inorganic perovskites nanostructures, such as CsPbCl3 nanocrystals (NCs), are promising in many applications including light-emitting diodes, photovoltaics, and photodetectors. Despite the impressive performance that was demonstrated, a critical issue remains due to the instability of the perovskites in ambient. Herein, we report a method of passivating crystalline CsPbCl3 NC surfaces with 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA), and superior ambient stability is achieved. The printing of these colloidal NCs on the channel of graphene field-effect transistors (GFETs) on solid Si/SiO2 and flexible polyethylene terephthalate substrates was carried out to obtain CsPbCl3 NCs/GFET heterojunction photodetectors for flexible and visible-blind ultraviolet detection at wavelength below 400 nm. Besides ambient stability, the additional benefits of passivating surface charge trapping by the defects on CsPbCl3 NCs and facilitating high-efficiency charge transfer between the CsPbCl3 NCs and graphene were provided by MPA. Extraordinary optoelectronic performance was obtained on the CsPbCl3 NCs/graphene devices including a high ultraviolet responsivity exceeding 106 A/W, a high detectivity of 2 × 1013 Jones, a fast photoresponse time of 0.3 s, and ambient stability with less than 10% degradation of photoresponse after 2400 h. This result demonstrates the crucial importance of the perovskite NC surface passivation not only to the performance but also to the stability of the perovskite optoelectronic devices.
Physics, Astronomy, and Materials Science
Perovskite nanocrystals, Stability, Surface engineering, Visible-blind ultraviolet photodetector
Gong, Maogang, Ridwan Sakidja, Ryan Goul, Dan Ewing, Matthew Casper, Alex Stramel, Alan Elliot, and Judy Z. Wu. "High-performance all-inorganic CsPbCl3 perovskite nanocrystal photodetectors with superior stability." ACS nano 13, no. 2 (2019): 1772-1783.