Redundancy Allocation Based on the Weighted Mismatch-Rate Slope for Multiple Description Video Coding


Multiple description coding (MDC) is a robust coding technique for video transmission over error prone networks, whereby the video is encoded into multiple descriptions with some redundancy between the descriptions. This redundancy leads to error resiliency in the case of packet loss during the network transport. However, the amount of this redundancy has a critical role in MDC performance. Therefore, a crucial problem in MDC is to find what the optimum amount of redundancy budget is, and then how this redundancy budget can be optimally allocated to the frames. To solve this problem, we propose a scheme in which the redundancy budget is allocated to the frames based on the weighted mismatch-rate slopes so that this additional bitrate can attain maximum distortion reduction. The redundancy is added gradually so that fine tuning of the utilized bitrate is achievable. We have verified our proposed scheme by implementing it in H.264/AVC reference software JM16.0, and running experiments against two representative reference methods. Our experiments show that our scheme not only minimizes the end-to-end distortion with a rate-distortion performance that is better than the reference methods, especially for high PLRs, but also entirely uses the available bandwidth, unlike the reference methods.


Computer Science

Document Type




redundancy, distortion, opimization, decoding, encoding, bit rate, bandwidth

Publication Date


Journal Title

IEEE Transactions on Multimedia