High-energy X-ray diffraction of a hydrous silicate liquid under conditions of high pressure and temperature in a modified hydrothermal diamond anvil cell
In situ high-energy X-ray diffraction measurements were made for the first time on a water-saturated silicate melt at high pressure and temperature. A modified hydrothermal diamond anvil cell (HDAC), designed to minimize the path length of the X-ray beam within a diamond anvil and to increase the solid angle of the diffracted beam, was used to reduce high background contributions and extend X-ray diffraction data collection in Q space. Quantitative differential pair distribution function (PDF) analysis of X-ray diffraction data show that the first measurable (Si-O) peak is 0.095 Å greater in length in the hydrous melt than in the starting glass. Contributions from the H2O O-O correlations, as well as from the second nearest neighbor O-O correlations within the silicate melt, are evident within the second peak of the differential PDF. The procedure described opens new opportunities to directly investigate volatile-rich melts at high pressure and temperature.
Physics, Astronomy, and Materials Science
high pressure, high temperature, high-energy X-ray diffraction, hydrothermal diamond anvil cell, hydrous silicate liquid
Anderson, Alan J., Hao Yan, Robert A. Mayanovic, Giulio Solferino, and Chris J. Benmore. "High-energy X-ray diffraction of a hydrous silicate liquid under conditions of high pressure and temperature in a modified hydrothermal diamond anvil cell." High Pressure Research 34, no. 1 (2014): 100-109.
High Pressure Research