DNA-templated synthesis of Pt nanoparticles on single-walled carbon nanotubes


A series of electron microscopy characterizations demonstrate that single-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid (ssDNA) can bind to nanotube surfaces and disperse bundled single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) into individual tubes. The ssDNA molecules on the nanotube surfaces demonstrate various morphologies, such as aggregated clusters and spiral wrapping around a nanotube with different pitches and spaces, indicating that the morphology of the SWCNT/DNA hybrids is not related solely to the base sequence of the ssDNA or the chirality or the diameter of the nanotubes. In addition to serving as a non-covalent dispersion agent, the ssDNA molecules bonded to the nanotube surface can provide addresses for localizing Pt(II) complexes along the nanotubes. The Pt nanoparticles obtained by a reduction of the Pt2+ -DNA adducts are crystals with a size of <= 1–2 nm. These results expand our understanding of the interactions between ssDNA and SWCNTs and provide an efficient approach for positioning Pt and other metal particles, with uniform sizes and without aggregations, along the nanotube surfaces for applications in direct ethanol/methanol fuel cells and nanoscale electronics.


Physics, Astronomy, and Materials Science

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