Part 1: Experimental and theoretical studies of 2-cyano-2-isonitroso-N- piperidynylacetamide (HPiPCO), 2-cyano-2-isonitroso-N-morpholylacetamide (HMCO) and their Pt- and Pd-complexes


The reaction between substituted cyan-acetamides NC-CH 2-C(O)X (X = N-piperidyne or N-morpholyl residues) and gaseous methylnitrite CH 3ONO in isopropanol at room temperature in the presence of a base within minutes leads to colorless cyanoximes 2-cyano-2-isonitroso-N- piperidynylacetamide (further as HPiPCO), and 2-cyano-2-isonitroso-N- morpholylacetamide (HMCO) in 70-90% yield. The deprotonation of HPiPCO and HMCO with a base such as NaOEt affords anionic Na-salts, bright-yellow in color originated from n → π * transitions in the nitroso-chromophore. Anionic cyanoximates react with aqueous solutions of K 2MCl 4 (M = Pd, Pt) to form yellow-orange PdL 2 and dark blue-green polymeric [PtL 2] n (L = PiPCO -, MCO -), which upon treatment with DMSO or DMF breaks down to pale-yellow monomeric PtL 2. Synthesized metal complexes were characterized by spectroscopic methods (IR, UV-Vis), measurement of the electric conductivity and the X-ray analysis. Both PdL 2 and PtL 2 exhibit non-electrolyte behavior in DMSO and DMF. Crystal structures of Pd(PiPCO) 2 and Pt(PiPCO) 2 were determined and revealed the formation of the cis-complexes with nearly planar geometry around the metal core and an adoption of the cis-anti configuration by anions, in contrast to the trans-anti geometry in structures of uncomplexed HPiPCO and HMCO. Ab initio calculations were performed for all six compounds: two cyanoxime ligands and four Pd and Pt metal complexes. A very satisfactory agreement between the calculated and experimental values of geometrical parameters of all evaluated compounds was attained. The electron densities, energies of HOMO and LUMO orbitals and molecular electrostatic potentials were calculated as well.


Chemistry and Biochemistry

Document Type




Ab initio Calculations, Cyanoximes, Synthesis, X-ray analysis

Publication Date


Journal Title

Inorganica Chimica Acta