In this article we present the results of more than 180 hours of time-series photometry on the low gravity (log g = 5.4, Teff = 29 300 K, log He/H = -3.0 by number) sdB pulsating star HS 2201+2610, obtained between September 2000 and August 2001. The temporal spectrum is resolved and shows 5 close frequencies: three main signals at 2860.94, 2824.10 and 2880.69 μHz, with amplitudes of about 1%, 0.5% and 0.1% respectively, are detected from single run observations; two further peaks with very low amplitude (<0.07%) at 2738.01 and 2921.82 μHz are confirmed by phase analysis on several independent runs. Due to the small number of detected frequencies, it is not possible to obtain a univocal identification of the excited modes and perform a detailed seismological analysis of the star. No clear signatures of rotational splitting are seen. Nevertheless, the observed period spectrum is well inside the excited period window obtained from pulsation calculations with nonadiabatic models having effective temperature and surface gravity close to the spectroscopic estimates. Due to its relatively simple temporal spectrum, HS 2201+2610 is a very good candidate for trying to measure the secular variation of the pulsation periods in time. With this purpose a long-term monitoring of the star was started. The results of the first 11 months show amplitude variations up to ∼20% on time-scales of months, which are probably real, and allow us to measure the pulsation frequencies with an unprecedented 0.02 μHz resolution.


Physics, Astronomy, and Materials Science

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Reproduced with permission from Astronomy & Astrophysics, © ESO


Stars: individual: HS 2201+2610, Stars: oscillations, Stars: subdwarfs

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Astronomy and Astrophysics