The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have been in effect since 2015 to continue the progress of the Millennium Development Goals. Some of the SDGs are expected to be achieved by 2020, while others by 2030. Among the 17 SDGs, SDG 15 is particularly dedicated to environmental resources (e.g., forest, wetland, land). These resources are gravely threatened by human-induced climate change and intense anthropogenic activities. In Bangladesh, one of the most climate-vulnerable countries, climate change and human interventions are taking a heavy toll on environmental resources. Ensuring the sustainability of these resources requires regular monitoring and evaluation to identify challenges, concerns, and progress of environmental management. Remote sensing has been used as an effective tool to monitor and evaluate these resources. As such, many studies on Bangladesh used various remote-sensing approaches to conduct research on the issues related to SDG 15, particularly on forest, wetland, erosion, and landslides. However, we lack a comprehensive view of the progress, challenges, concerns, and future outlook of the goal and its targets. In this study, we sought to systematically review the remote-sensing studies related to SDG 15 (targets 15.1-15.3) to present developments, analyze trends and limitations, and provide future directions to ensure sustainability. We developed several search keywords and finally selected 53 articles for review. We discussed the topical and methodological trends of current remote-sensing works. In addition, limitations were identified and future research directions were provided.
Bangladesh, Erosion, Forestry, Landslide, Remote sensing, SDG, Sustainability, Wetland
Ishtiaque, Asif, Arif Masrur, Yasin Wahid Rabby, Tasnuba Jerin, and Ashraf Dewan. "Remote sensing-based research for monitoring progress towards SDG 15 in Bangladesh: A review." Remote Sensing 12, no. 4 (2020): 691.