An electronic structure investigation of the BNO-BON-NBO system


The potential energy hypersurface of the ground triplet states of the BNO-BON-NBO system has been investigated using traditional ah initio electronic structure theory. The molecules studied have the molecular formula BON and include three linear and three angular species, and two transition states for the isomerization of an angular N-B-O to an angular B-O-N and a linear B-NO, respectively. All stationary points on the BNO-BON-NBO isomerization potential energy surface have been characterized employing UMP2, UMP4, and Gaussian-2 (G2) theory with the 6-311G(d), 6-311G(2d), and TZ2P basis sets. The isomerization for an angular N-BO to the linear B-NO has a lower energy barrier than that of the former to an angular B-ON. Energetics are presented with G2 energies. Two sets of resonance structures for both bent B-NO (boron nitrosyl) and B-ON (boron isonitrosyl) were proposed and the bonding in the two species was analyzed. For the purpose of comparison, the density functional theory based hybrid methods B3LYP/6-311G(d) and B3LYP/TZ2P have also been applied to both geometry optimization and single-point calculations. It is found that the B3LYP prediction of the nature of the linear B-O is contradictory to that made by all MPn (n = 2 and 4) calculations. The cause for this contradiction is discussed. © 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.


Chemistry and Biochemistry

Document Type





Ab initio, B3LYP, Boron nitrosyl-boron isonitrosyl, Potential energy surface

Publication Date


Journal Title

Journal of Molecular Structure: THEOCHEM