Title

Surfactant Chain Length Effects on the Light Emission of Tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II)/Tripropylamine Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence

Abstract

The effects of nonionic surfactant chain length on the properties of tris(2,2‘-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) (Ru(bpy)32+ where bpy = 2,2‘-bipyridine) electrochemiluminescence (ECL) have been investigated. The electrochemistry, photophysics, and ECL of Ru(bpy)32+ in the presence of a series of nonionic surfactants are reported (Triton X-100, 114, 165, 405, 305, and 705-70). These surfactants differ in the number of poly(ethylene oxide) units incorporated into the surfactant molecule. The anodic oxidation of Ru(bpy)32+ produces ECL in the presence of tri-n-propylamine (TPrA) in aqueous surfactant solution. Increases in ECL efficiency (≥5-fold) and TPrA oxidation current (≥2-fold) have been observed in surfactant media. Slight decreases in ECL intensity are observed as the chain length of the nonionic surfactant increases. The data supports adsorption of surfactant on the electrode surface, thus facilitating TPrA and Ru(bpy)32+ oxidation and leading to higher ECL efficiencies.

Department(s)

Chemistry

Document Type

Article

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1021/ac010698e

Keywords

oxidation, adsorption, surfactants, molecules, electrodes

Publication Date

2001

Recommended Citation

Factor, Brigitte, Brian Muegge, Scott Workman, Ed Bolton, Jon Bos, and Mark M. Richter. "Surfactant Chain Length Effects on the Light Emission of Tris (2, 2 ‘-bipyridyl) ruthenium (II)/Tripropylamine Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence." Analytical chemistry 73, no. 19 (2001): 4621-4624.

Journal Title

Analytical chemistry

Share

COinS