Up-regulated transcripts in a compatible powdery mildew-grapevine interaction
Powdery mildews (Erysiphales) are obligate biotrophic pathogens that invade susceptible plant cells without triggering cell death. This suggests a highly adept mechanism of parasitism which enables powdery mildews to avoid detection or evade defenses by their host. To better understand this plant-pathogen interaction, we employed suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH), differential hybridization and quantitative real-time (qRT) PCR for the identification of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) genes that were specifically up-regulated in response to the grape powdery mildew Erysiphe necator Schwein. We identified 25 grapevine transcripts that increased in abundance upon infection in leaves of the susceptible host V. vinifera Cabernet Sauvignon. Despite the compatible interaction between the pathogen and plant, several of the E. necator-induced transcripts represented typical defense response genes. Among the transcripts identified were those that encoded a leucine-rich repeat serine/threonine kinase-like receptor, an MYB transcription factor, and two ubiquitination-associated proteins, indicating the stimulation of intracellular signal transduction and regulatory functions. A number of genes characteristic of senescence processes, including metallothioneins, a deoxyribonuclease, an aspartyl protease and a subtilase-like serine protease, also were identified. These transcripts expanded the list of previously identified E. necator-responsive grapevine genes and facilitated a more comprehensive view of the molecular events that underlie this economically important plant-pathogen interaction. © 2009 Elsevier Masson SAS.
Center for Grapevine Biotechnology
Environmental Plant Science and Natural Resources
Defense, Grapevine, Powdery mildew, Susceptibility, Transcription
Fekete, Csaba, Raymond WM Fung, Zoltán Szabó, Wenping Qiu, Le Chang, Daniel P. Schachtman, and László G. Kovács. "Up-regulated transcripts in a compatible powdery mildew–grapevine interaction." Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 47, no. 8 (2009): 732-738.
Plant Physiology and Biochemistry