Effect of pyruvate and lactate on motility of cold stored stallion spermatozoa challenged by hydrogen peroxide


Numerous workers have shown that motility of cold stored spermatozoa from some stallions can be improved by removing most of the seminal plasma by centrifugation and resuspending the spermatozoa in an extender consisting of skim milk glucose extender (SKMG) supplemented with a salt media such as Tyrode's or phosphate-buffered saline. The salt media must contain pyruvate and lactate. In an effort to test the hypothesis that pyruvate may be acting as an antioxidant, a series of experiments were conducted using a H2O2 challenge to artificially produce damage due to lipid peroxidation. Results of these experiments indicated that addition of lactate or pyruvate and lactate to SKMG-Tyrode's media was not able to prevent the detrimental affects of H2O2. The addition of lactate to the SKMG-Tyrode's media resulted in an improvement of post-storage motility; however, increasing the concentration of pyruvate did not further improve motility. Therefore, because lactate dehydrogenase has been shown to be correlated with motility, and lactate has been shown to be preferred as an energy source by spermatozoa from other species, the beneficial effects of lactate and pyruvate as components of a modified SKMG extender are probable as energy sources.


Animal Science

Document Type





stallion, semen, storage, lactate, pyruvate

Publication Date


Journal Title

Journal of equine veterinary science