Effects of chilling stress on allatal growth and juvenile hormone synthesis in the cockroach, Diploptera punctata
During the ovarian cycle of the cockroach, Diploptera punctata, a mitotic wave occurs in the corpora allata before an increase in gland volume and juvenile hormone (JH) synthesis. Previous studies have demonstrated that the brain inhibits mitosis and JH synthesis in corpus allatum (CA) cells until adult females have mated. Herein, we report that chilling stress effectively suppresses mating induced proliferation of CA cells. In mated females, chilling on melting ice for 0.5-3 hours caused a strong, dose- dependent decrease in mitotic activity. In insects chilled for 3 hours, although the mitotic wave in the CA was practically abolished, CA volume and JH synthesis finally reached peak levels typical of unchilled insects, despite a 2-day delay. Consequently, oocyte maturation and oviposition were also delayed by 2 days, yet in both chilled and unchilled insects, peak values of basal oocyte length were the same. By allowing virgin females to mate on different days after chilling, we found that the chilling effect could be retained in the insect body for at least 2 days. During this period, signals from mating could not effectively remove inhibition of CA cell proliferation. Unilaterally disconnecting the CA from the brain revealed that chilling stress mediated CA cell proliferation via the brain, and did not directly affect the CA. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.
Cell proliferation, Chilling stress, Corpus aliatum, Diploptera punctata, Juvenile hormone
Pszczolkowski, Maciej A., and Ann-Shyn Chiang. "Effects of chilling stress on allatal growth and juvenile hormone synthesis in the cockroach, Diploptera punctata." Journal of insect physiology 46, no. 6 (2000): 923-931.
Journal of Insect Physiology