Effect of different processing techniques on motility and acrosomal integrity of cold-stored stallion spermatozoa


Two experiments were conducted to test whether stallion and/or semen processing techniques influenced spermatozoal motility and acrosonial status following cold storage. Ejaculates from each of 18 stallions (N=54) were collected and split. In Experiment I, a skim milk-glucose extender (SKMG) was added to the semen following a 5,15 or 30 minute delay post-collection. Following each delay, sperm were packaged at a final concentration of 25 million progressively motile sperm per ml (PMS/ml) in a commercially available skim milk-glucose extender (SKMG). In Experiment II, sperm were packaged at concentrations of 25, 50, and 75 million PMS/ml both in the presence and absence of seminal plasma (SP) utilizing SKMG and SKMG plus PBS, respectively. In both experiments, aliquots were cooled, stored, and the percentage of progressively motile and acrosome intact spermatozoa were determined at 24 and 48 hours post-collection. In Experiment I, delayed dilution resulted in a lower recovery of PMS. In Experiment II, removal of SP resulted in higher percentages of PMS following cold storage. Increasing the concentration of spermatozoa during packaging decreased the percentage of PMS; however, removal of SP reduced the harmful effects on spermatozoa motility. These data suggest that reducing the time that spermatozoa remain in an undiluted state and removal of SP maximize recovery of progressively motile, acrosome-intact spermatozoa. In addition, individualizing the processing techniques for each stallion may enhance spermatozoal survival following cold storage.


Animal Science

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Journal of Equine Veterinary Science