The Dimension of Color in Visual Stimuli and Its Affect on Naming Performance in Aphasic Adults

Date of Graduation

Fall 1987


Master of Science in Communication Sciences and Disorders


Communication Sciences and Disorders

Committee Chair

L. Iowne


The present study was designed to investigate whether or not naming performance of aphasic adult subjects using black and white visual stimuli would differ from their naming performance using visual stimuli with the added dimension of color. A two-factor mixed design was utilized, whereby five nonfluent aphasic subjects and six fluent aphasic subjects completed a naming test under the two conditions of stimuli. Data for quantitative analyses consisted of the number of spontaneously correct naming responses and the number of total correct naming responses. An analysis of variance showed that the number of total correct naming responses for the fluent group of subjects improved significantly using colored visual stimuli. That is, naming improved for the fluent aphasic subjects with the combination of colored visual stimuli and a phonemic cue. Further, results showed that for both the fluent and nonfluent groups, the "quality" of incorrect responses appeared to improve with the use of colored visual stimuli.

Subject Categories

Communication Sciences and Disorders


© Patricia Lynn Banick