Date of Graduation

Spring 2020


Master of Arts in History



Committee Chair

Sarah Panzer


During the Second World War, over 120,000 Japanese American citizens were held in intern- ment for much of the conflict. The United States government supported this action by claiming military necessity required removal of all West Coast Japanese Americans as a national security threat. However, this process had little to do with military necessity and was set in motion dec- ades before by the rhetoric of the anti-Japanese movement, which through numerous works out- lined Japanese Americans as a military threat. This thesis, through review of significant pub- lished documents, argues that a multitude of writers representing a wide array of Americans sup- ported this concept and actively presented Japanese Americans to be a military threat. Together, this movement set the needed preconditions for eventual mass military internment.


Anti-Japanese Movement, ‘Yellow Peril, ’ ‘Japanese Problem, ’ Military Necessity, ' Japanese American Internment

Subject Categories

Military History | Other American Studies


© Charlie DeWitt

Open Access