Date of Graduation
Master of Arts in Communication
Although homeless shelters provide refuge, they also present several challenges that can negatively affect an individual's sense of internal and external control. A mix-method design was used to explore and address these challenges. Participants (N = 12) were recruited from a men’s homeless shelter via the snowball method. To identify the challenges, in-person, semistructured interviews were conducted. Participants discussed barriers that included being around others who displayed abnormal and deviant behavior, and disparaging policies that censored and restricted basic decision-making processes. Once the challenges were identified, a restorative technique called circles was utilized to increase participants' self-efficacy and satisfaction while living in a homeless shelter. Chen et al.’s (2001) New general self-efficacy scale and a newly constructed satisfaction questionnaire was used to respectively measure participants' self-efficacy and satisfaction scores before and after a circle intervention. Although a paired sample t-test found no difference in participants’ self-efficacy before and after the circle intervention (t (11) = -1.03, p ˃ .05), there was a significant change in overall satisfaction (t (11) = -2.80, p ˂ .05, d = 0.87). These results are important because it contributes to our understanding of homelessness and serves as a future vision for the application of restorative practices within a sheltered setting.
homeless shelters, homelessness, restorative justice, restorative circles, sheltered cohorts, self-efficacy, disempowered
Anthropology | Communication | Sociology
© Shaun A. Sletten
Sletten, Shaun A., "Sheltered Cohort: A Restorative Approach to Relational Conflict and Disempowering Policies at a Men’s Homeless Shelter" (2022). MSU Graduate Theses. 3714.