Date of Graduation

Spring 2024


Doctor of Audiology


Communication Sciences and Disorders

Committee Chair

Wafaa Kaf


Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials (VEMPs) are used in the field of Audiology to allow us to evaluate otolith and vestibular nerve function, which provides us with information that prior testing could not exclusively identify. While the collection of data from VEMPs is useful for many audiologic and vestibular diagnoses, achieving accurate recordings can be challenging due to the complex nature of testing. The article below will take a deep dive into different VEMP devices and the protocol they used to record VEMPs on their participants. The purpose of developing state-of-the-art (SOTA) equipment for VEMP testing is to ensure that the future product has met all regulations, standards, and provides accurate test results. After reviewing the findings from 120 articles, it was concluded that there is a broad variability in protocol between software and across different devices. In the United States of America, there is a lack of direction for standardization of VEMPs, and these findings prove the need for standardization is a must. Based on the research findings, a standard protocol for both cervical VEMP and ocular VEMP recordings was suggested.


cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potentials, ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential, clinical application, standardization, instrumentation

Subject Categories

Speech and Hearing Science | Speech Pathology and Audiology


© Kendall J. Werhane

Open Access